Lớp 12

Bài tập sự hòa hợp giữa các thì trong tiếng Anh

Bài tập sự hòa hợp giữa các thì trong tiếng Anh là một dạng bài khó, yêu cầu thí sinh phải nắm vững rất nhiều kiến thức tiếng Anh tổng hợp.

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Lý thuyết sự hòa hợp giữa các thì

1. Sự phối hợp của động từ trong mệnh đề chính (main clause) và mệnh đề phụ (subordinate clause)

Main clause

Subordinate clause

1. Simple present

– Simple present

– Present perfect

– Present continuous

– Simple future/ Near future

– Simple past (có thời gian xác định ở quá khứ)

2. Simple past

– Simple past

– Past perfect

– Past continuous

– Would/ was / were+ going to + V bare infi.

– Simple present (diễn tả một chân lý)

3. Present perfect

– Simple present

4. Past perfect

– Simple past

Eg: 1. People have said that Lon Lon has fog

2. Mary said that she was cooking them

3. He says he was born in 1980

4. Tom says he will visit me again.

2. Sự phối hợp của các động từ trong mệnh đề chính và mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian (adverbial clause of time):

Main clause Adverbial clause of time
1. Present tenses – Present tenses
2. Past tenses – Past tenses
3. Future tenses – Present tenses

Eg: 1. You will go home as soon as you have finished your exercises.

2. WhenI came there, it was raining hard.

3. I often drinkcoffee while I am watching TV.

4. Please waithere until I come back.

5. He never goeshome before he has finished his work.

6.It was raininghard when I got there.

7. I had just come whenyou called.

* Mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian thường bắt đầu với các từ nối sau:

– When / as: Khi – as soon as: Ngay sau khi – as long a: chứng nào – just as: Ngay khi

– Until/ till: Cho đến khi – since: kể từ khi – while: trong khi – whenever: bất cứ khi nào

– before: trước khi – after: sau khi – no sooner …. than: ngay khi – hardly … when: khó… khi

– By the time: vào lúc ……………

* Note:

– Không được dùng thì tương lai (Future tense) trong các mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian (có thể thay bằng thì hiện tại)

Eg: If it rains tomorrow, well stay at home.

– Trong trường hợp dùng từ nối “SINCE” chú ý:

S +V ( present perfect/ present perfect cont.) + Since + S + Ved.

Eg: You have been studying English since you came here.

Bài tập sự hòa hợp giữa các thì

Exercise 1: Choose the most correct answer:

1. He said that he ____ a lot of money on advertising to expand his business.

A. spends

B. has spent

C. spending

D. had spent

2. The train _____ when we got to the station.

A. just left

B. just leaves

C. had just left

D. will leave

3. Tom told me he _____ call me at the airport when I ______.

A. would/ arrived

B. will/ arrive

C. will have/ arriving

D. would be/ arriving

4. At this time tomorrow, we ____ our final exam.

A. will have taking

B. will be taking

C. will be taken

D. would take

5, -____ before? – Yes, I ____ my holidays here last year.

A. have you ever been / spent

B. have you ever been / spend

C. Did you ever be / spending

D. were you ever / spend

6. ______ I was working in the garden, John was repairing the washing machine.

A. as soon as

B. because of

C. while

D. until

7. Peter said he _____ a test the following day.

A. had had

B. will have

C. has had

D. would have

8. After she _____ at the hospital for 2 years, she_____ to give up the job yesterday.

A. had been working/ decides

B. had been working/ decided

C. working / had decided

D. is working/ will decide

9. Tom _____ before we arrive there.

A. has left

B. had left

C. will leave

D. leaves

10. In 1970, the Canadian scientist George Kelly ______ that warm water _____ more quickly than cold water.

A. prove/freeze

B. proves / breezed

C. proving / freezing

D. proved/freezes

11. After we _____ our work, we ____ for lunch.

A. having finish/ went

B. have finished/ went

C. had finished/went

D. having finish/ going

12. After _____ Tom was apprenticed to learn a trade.

A. leave

B. leaves

C. left

D. leaving

13. They were in a hurry because they thought that the class _____.

A. have already begun

B. have already begun

C. was begun

D. will begin

14. – Why have they demolished that old building? – They ____ a new supermarket there.

A. had built

B. were building

C. are going to build

D. would be built

15. When I’m learning English, sometimes I ____ the accent.

A. will be confused about

B. was confused about

C. had be confused about

D. am confused about

16. After he _____ his English course, he went to England to continue his study.

A. will finish

B. has finished

C. had finished

D. will have finished

16. They ____ a lot of preparation before the match started.

A. has made

B. had made

C. will be made

D. are making

17. I____ in the US for one year, but I still find it difficult to communicate with the American.

A. am

B. was

C. have been

D. had been

18. American women may ____ conversations with men or even ___ them to dance.

A. to start/ to ask

B. start/ ask

C. starting / asking

D. started/ asked

19. After ______ the doctor found that he ____ his arm.

A. to examine/ breaks

B. to examine/ broke

C. examining/ broken

D. examining/had broken

20. As soon as she arrived in London, she found that the English people spoke English differently from what she _____.

A. will learn

B. is learning

C. has been learning

D. had learnt

21. How____ since we____ school?

A. are you/ left

B. will you be / left

C. have you been/ had left

D. have you been/ left

22. Before cars_______ , people ____ horses and bicycles.

A. were discovered/ had used

B. discovering/ use

C. is discovered/ using

D. have been discovered / have been using

23. Don’t go anywhere until I _____ back.

A. come

B. will come

C. have come

D. came

24. I _____ the book by the time you come tonight.

A. will be finishing

B. finished

C. have finishing

D. will have finished

25. Who ______ when I came ?

A. were you talking to

B. are you talking to

C. you were talking to

D. you are talking to

26, Please send us a postcard as soon as you _______in London.

A. will arrive

B. is going to arrive

C. arrive

D. arrived

27. I will give you this book ______ I met you tomorrow.

A. when

B. until

C. since

D. for

28. Jane _____ her house all the morning before the guest arrived.

A. is cleaning

B. was cleaning

C. has been cleaning

D. had been cleaning

29. We ______ for going home when it began to rain.

A. are preparing

B. were preparing

C. will be preparing

D. have prepared

30. Tom said everything ______ ready when the match ______.

A. will be/ starts

B. would be/ started

C. is / started

D. will be/ started

31. I _____ in the waiting room when I heard someone_____ me.

A. am sitting/ to call

B. was sitting/ call

C. am sitting/ called

D. have sat / called

32. At 10 o’clock tomorrow morning, we_____ our final test.

A. will take

B. will be taking

C. has been taking

D. would be taking

33. Our grandfather____ as an engineer for 30 years be fore he retired in 1980.

A. worked B. was working

C. has been working

D. had been working

34. Up to now, the pollution problems yet.

A. haven’t solved

B. are not solving

C. hadn’t solved

D. will not have solved

35. Miss Hoa always takes her umbrella when she _____ to school.

A. has gone

B. goes

C. is going

D. will go

36. Never talk to the driver while he ______.

A. will be driving

B. will drive

C. drives

D. is driving

37. I’ll tell you it is good or not after I ____it.

A. try

B. am trying

C. have tried

D. will try

38. I’ll marry her as soon as she _____ all her problems.

A. solves

B. has solved

C. had solved

D. solve

39, I’ll wait until you ____crying.

A. have stopped

B. will stop

C. stop

D. stopped

40. I bought Romano whenever I ____ Maximart.

A. had gone

B. has gone

C. went

D. would go

41. My son was sleeping when I ______ home.

A. went

B. has gone

C. had gone

D. would go

42. I was compiling this book while my son ____.

A. slept

B. would sleep

C. had slept

D. was sleeping

43. Lan has learnt English since she ____ a small girl.

A. has been

B. had been

C. was

D. would be

44. She won’t get married until she _____ 25 years old.

A. is

B. will be

C. had been

D. was

45. After ______ , he went to bed.

A. had done his homework

B. have done his homework

C. being done his homework

D. doing his homework

46. Yesterday when I _____ at the station, the train _______ for 15 minutes.

A. arrived/ had left

B. arrives/ has left

C. arrived/ left

D. had arrived/ left

47. When we _____ there _____ people ______ calmly.

A. got/ are waiting

B. got/ were waiting

C. got/ waited

D. get/ wait

48. While I ____ in the street, I saw my old friend.

A. was walking

B. am walking

C. walk

D. walked

49. What do you think the children _____ when we get home?

A. would do

B. do

C. were doing

D. are doing

50. I’ll read the book when I _____ time.

A. have

B. had

C. will have

D. would have

51. The house was quiet when I _____ home. Everyone _____ to bed.

A. got/ went

B. got/ had gone

C. had got / went

D. was getting/ was going

52. I ______ her since I _____ a student.

A. know/ am

B. knew/ was

C. have known/ am

D. have known/ was

53. While I was going to school yesterday, I ____ him.

A. meet

B. met

C. will meet

D. am meeting

54. Alice _____ for Washington as soon as she had finished her exam.

A. will leave

B. would leave

C. leaves

D. left

55. He died after he ______ ill for a long time.

A. was

B. had been

C. has been

D. is

56. I _______ home until I finish my lesson.

A. haven’t come

B. don’t come

C. didn’t come

D. won’t come

57. The manager ______ the store before I arrived.

A. closed

B. had closed

C. has closed

D. was closing

58. When the alarm rang, Hai ______ out of bed quickly.

A. was jumping

B. has jumped

C. had jumped

D. jumped

59. When we see Mr. Minh tomorrow, I ____ him of that.

A. will remind

B. remind

C. have reminded

D. reminded

Exercise 2: Find ONE mistake in each of the following sentences:

1. (A)Last year, my son (B)was lost (C)among the crowd when we (D)have gone shopping.

2. The problem (A)has turned out (B)to be more serious (C)than we (D)will have thought.

3. (A)Almost 300 million people (B)had visited (C)America’s national parks (D)every year.

4. They (A)have studied English(A) before they went (C)to London.

5. They (A)has got married (B)for 30 years (C)by the end of (D)this month.

6. They (A)will help you (B)whenever you (C)will ask (D)them.

7. (A)When Sam (B)will arrive, he will (C)open (D)the gift.

8. My father (A)has ever told (B)me honestychân thât (C)was (D)the best policy.

9. Did you say (A)that you (B)will have a lot of things (C)to do the (D)following week?

10. (A)When we arrived (B)at (C)the station, the train (D)has already left.

11. (A)Did your doctor (B)recommend you that you (C)will stop (D)smoking?

12. (A) Up to now, there (B)had been (C)no woman (D)being chosen the US president.

13. The neighbors (A)are having a party. They (B)are making so much noise (C)since 6 o’clock. I (D)can’t sleep.

14. (A)Don’t (B)leave the house (C)until I (D)will get back.

15. I (A)was walking along the pavement(B) when I (C)realized that there (D)has been a man following me.

16. Human (A)had struggled (B)against weeds (C)since the beginning (D)of agriculture.

17. Mary (A)said (B)that she (C)do jogging (D)every morning.

Exercise 3: Use the correct tense of verbs in brackets:

1. You may begin when you (be) ready.

2. She said that she (get) married soon.

3. She has told me her name (be) Mary.

4. Do you hear what she (just, say) ?

5. They believe that the police (capture) the thief soon.

6. John (live) in the same house since he left school.

7. The teachers said that the shortest distance between two points (be) a straight line.

8. Bill said that he (lose) his bicycle.

9. Did you hear what she (just, say) ?

10. My father said he (be) here by noon.

11. I didn’t know what time it (be), so I (turn) on the radio.

12. I saw that I (make) a mistake.

13. Mary (have) dinner when her friend called.

14. She says that she (live) in the country when she (be) a child.

15. They hoped that they (end) soon.

16. I was taught that the sun (be) bigger than the moon.

17. She has thought that the work (be) easy.

18. The students had thought that the English test (be) rather difficult.

19. I want to know how long she (live) here.

20. I see that Henry (write) his composition now.

21. I wondered whether I (lock) the door or not.

22. They have found that the road (be) very long.

23. She understood that we (promise) to go.

24. The teacher asked Bill why he (not go) to school the day before.

25. We find that we (take) a wrong way.

26. The boy knew that an hour (have) sixty minutes.

27. I had done that (be) necessary.

28. Shut all the windows before you (go) out.

29. He thinks that it (rain) tonight.

30. I didn’t know who (help) him.

31. Did John say he (call) you again?

32. He is saving his money so that he (take) a long vacation.

33. Tom promised he (not do) it again.

34. He knew that I (come) the following week.

35. This is the house that Jack (build) three years ago.

36. I think John (be) out of town now.

37. I wonder what changes the new President (introduce).

38. Mirs Smith complains that her neighbour (make) too much noise.

39. Miss While swears that she (never see) that man before.

40. The students who answered the question (be) John.


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