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Vietnam – French Colonization, Indochina, Unification 
The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West
Genouilly arrived at Tourane in August 1858 with 14 vessels and 2,500 men; the French stormed the harbour defenses on September 1 and occupied the town a day later. Genouilly soon recognized, however, that he could make no further progress around Tourane and decided to attack Saigon
Vietnamese resistance prevented the French from advancing beyond Saigon, and it took French troops, under new command, until 1861 to occupy the three adjacent provinces. The Vietnamese, unable to mount effective resistance to the invaders and their advanced weapons, concluded a peace treaty in June 1862, which ceded the conquered territories to France
Which nation made a colonial claim on Vietnam after World War II? A. France B. Germany C. Britain D. Japan 
Which nation made a colonial claim on Vietnam after World War II? A. France made a colonial claim on Vietnam after WWII.
France made a colonial claim on Vietnam after WWII.. This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful.
Once you acquire these two basic skills, you’ll be able to transform a vague idea in your mind into a coherent piece of writing. These two basic skills are: Doing research and organizing your ideas.
French Indochina in World War II 
In mid-1940, Nazi Germany rapidly defeated the French Third Republic, and the colonial administration of French Indochina (modern-day Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia) passed to the French State (Vichy France). Many concessions were granted to the Nazi-allied Empire of Japan, such as the use of ports, airfields, and railroads. Japanese troops first entered parts of Indochina the following September, and by July 1941 Japan had extended its control over the whole of French Indochina
The desire to escape these embargoes and to become self-sufficient in resources ultimately contributed to Japan’s decision to attack on December 7, 1941, the British Empire (in Hong Kong and Malaya) and simultaneously the USA (in the Philippines and at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii). This led to the USA declaring war against Japan on December 8, 1941
Indochinese communists had set up a covert headquarters in Cao Bằng Province in 1941, but most of the Vietnamese resistance to Japan, France, or both, including both communist and non-communist groups, remained based over the border, in China. As part of their opposition to Japanese expansion, the Chinese had fostered the formation of a Vietnamese nationalist resistance movement, the Dong Minh Hoi (DMH), in Nanking in 1935/1936; this included communists, but was not controlled by them
Vietnam After the War 
On April 30, 1975, the last of America’s wartime personnel in South Vietnam boarded crowded boats and helicopters in a frantic attempt to flee the country. That same day, North Vietnamese tanks crashed through the gates of the Presidential Palace in Saigon
When North Vietnamese officers entered the palace, South Vietnam’s president told them he was ready to hand over power. They reportedly replied, “You cannot give up what you do not have.”1
Image 1: North Vietnamese tanks crashing the gates of the Presidential Palace in Saigon, 1975.. The country’s infrastructure was ravaged by bombing and landmines, and parts of its otherwise lush landscape had been stripped by toxic chemicals like Agent Orange
Episodes 1-4 
Truman aids France in its war to recolonize Vietnam—the beginning of a 25-year involvement. We must sacrifice to our last drop of blood to save our country.
Japanese troops had taken control of Vietnam in 1945. The day Japan surrendered to the Allies, Ho Chi Minh declared independence in front of a crowd of exhilarated Vietnamese
They are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, among them are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”. But when France went to war to recolonize Vietnam in 1945, the U.S
Vietnam During World War 2 
It had been a colony of France since the 1880s, but the Japanese began stationing troops in the territory, then known as Indochina, in 1940. The French – fearing an all-out invasion and takeover of Vietnam and having been weakened at home in Europe by the Nazi occupation – opted for a state of coexistence with the Japanese instead.
The Imperial Japanese Army tolerated this since they did not have the ability for a full-on invasion at the time, and they reasoned that the French could make most of the actual ruling for them for the moment. Vietnam was mostly used as a supply base for the Japanese in their conquest of the other parts of Asia during the war
On the part of the French, they tried hard to maintain that this was not an invasion, that they were still in control, and that the Japanese were cooperating with the French. This resulted in a situation similar to the governance of Vichy France, where French collaborators were working with the Nazi occupiers
1940–1946 in French Indochina 
1940—1946 in French Indochina focuses on events that happened in French Indochina during and after World War II and which influenced the eventual decision for military intervention by the United States in the Vietnam War. French Indochina in the 1940s was divided into four protectorates (Cambodia, Laos, Tonkin, and Annam) and one colony (Cochinchina)
In 1940, the French controlled 23 million Vietnamese with 12,000 French soldiers, about 40,000 Vietnamese soldiers, and the Sûreté, a powerful police force. had little interest in Vietnam or French Indochina as a whole
government representation consisted of one consul resident in Saigon.. The years 1940 to 1946 saw the rise of the communist-led Việt Minh insurgents whose objective was independence from France
Which nation made a colonial claim on Vietnam after World War II? A. Japan B. Britain C. France D. Germany 
The spanish soldiers who fought in the reconquista a. were influenced in part by their christian faith and promises of wealth and glory.
Option B is the correct answer.What do you mean by Christianity?. Christianity is the religion of the people who belonged to and have faith in the Christian religion.
The soldiers of Spain were very much overwhelmed by their faith in the Christian religion and the promises of having wealth and glory while engaging in the fight in Reconquista.. Therefore, the faith in Christianity and the promises relating to wealth and glory had by the Spanish soldiers while fighting in the Reconquista.
First, Second, and Third World 
And why is our music called world music? I think people are being polite. What they want to say is that it’s Third World music
In 1952 Alfred Sauvy, a French demographer wrote an article in the French magazine L’Observateur which ended by comparing the Third World with the Third Estate. “Ce Tiers Monde ignoré, exploité, méprisé comme le Tiers État” (this ignored Third World, exploited, scorned like the Third Estate)
The term First World refers to the developed, capitalist, industrial countries, generally aligned with NATO and the USA. The bloc of countries aligned with the United States after World War II, which had more or less common political and economic interests, this included the countries of North America and Western Europe, Japan, South Korea, and Australia.
Colonial Vietnam and the War 
This chapter discusses Indochinese involvement and the war’s impact on the eventual national awakening. During the war, the colonies of Tonkin, Cochin China, and Annam, which make up present day Vietnam, contributed nearly 100,000 soldiers and laborers to serve with the French against the Germans
Special attention is paid to people like Ho Chi-minh, their observations and reflections on the Great War, emerging Indochinese nationalism, and why the war was a turning point for colonial Vietnam.. – Sign in with a library card Sign in with username / password Recommend to your librarian
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A New History of World War II 
A new book argues that the conflict was a battle for empire.. What was the Second World War about? According to Allied leaders, that wasn’t a hard question
It is “between Nazidom and democracy,” Winston Churchill said, with “tyranny” on one side and “liberal, peaceful” powers on the other.. The Allies’ inclusion of the Soviet Union—“a dictatorship as absolute as any dictatorship in the world,” Franklin D
Britain, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, the United States, and (depending on how you view Tibet and Mongolia) China were all empires. Together, they held, by my count, more than 600 million people—more than a quarter of the world—in colonial bondage.
The Second Indochina War, 1954-1975, grew out of the long conflict between France and Vietnam. In July 1954, after one hundred years of colonial rule, a defeated France was forced to leave Vietnam
This decisive battle convinced the French that they could no longer maintain their Indochinese colonies and Paris quickly sued for peace. As the two sides came together in Geneva, Switzerland, international events were already shaping the future of Vietnam’s modern revolution.
In July 1954, after one hundred years of colonial rule, a defeated France was forced to leave Vietnam. Nationalist forces under the direction of General Vo Nguyen Giap trounced the allied French troops at the remote mountain outpost of Dien Bien Phu in the northwest corner of Vietnam
Office of the Historian 
Foreign Relations” has been retired and is no longer maintained. Between 1945 and 1960, three dozen new states in Asia and Africa achieved autonomy or outright independence from their European colonial rulers.
A few newly independent countries acquired stable governments almost immediately; others were ruled by dictators or military juntas for decades, or endured long civil wars. Some European governments welcomed a new relationship with their former colonies; others contested decolonization militarily
Decolonization was often affected by superpower competition, and had a definite impact on the evolution of that competition. It also significantly changed the pattern of international relations in a more general sense.
Pritzker Military Museum & Library 
Ho Chi Minh (May 19, 1890 – September 2, 1969) was born Nguyễn Sinh Cung but was known in his youth as Nguyễn Tất Thành. During his youth, Thành studied in France, adopted a nationalist ideology rooted in Leninism, and worked in Moscow and China
Forming the League for Vietnamese Independence (Việt Nam Độc Lập Đồng Minh Hội, known as the Viet Minh), he began fighting the Japanese occupation of Vietnam. In August 1945, the Japanese surrender provided the Viet Minh the opportunity to seize power in the city of Hanoi
In December 1946, as the French moved to reassert control over their colonial empire, conflict with the Viet Minh broke out. After the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the 1954 Geneva Accords granted independence to Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, though the latter was split into two nations: a communist north and a democratic South
Historical events in the European integration process (1945–2009) 
The beginnings of decolonisation and the emergence of the non-aligned states. The start of decolonisation and the emergence of the non-aligned movement
The Netherlands, Belgium and France were defeated and occupied. The peoples under colonial rule, often employed to fill the ranks of allied armies in war time, were determined to break the ties that still held them to Europe, now ruined and stripped of its resources.
The Charter of the United Nations affirmed its ‘respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples’. The American President, Franklin Roosevelt, and the British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, had already subscribed to this principle in the Atlantic Charter, which they signed on 14 August 1941 on the American cruiser Augusta, off Newfoundland
Vietnam and China: Conflicting neighbors stuck in nationalism and memory 
There has been plenty of contentious debate over competing claims about the South China Sea (SCS), from the repercussions of the Permanent Court of Arbitration’s ruling against China in 2016 to the military analysis of China’s land reclamation efforts on the island it occupies. However, some analyses only view the South China Sea dispute in a purely geostrategic and economic way, as an arena for great power competition between China and the United States and a strategic trade route between East Asia and the Indian Ocean
The South China Sea has always held a capital importance in the economy of Southeast Asia, especially in terms of trade. Traders, coming from Japan and southern Chinese regions such as the provinces of Kwangtung and Fukien, established a vibrant sea trade that began in the 11-12th centuries and progressively increased over the years, reaching its peak in the 17th century
This relationship created deep connections, arguably driving Ming kings to support the Malaccan kingdom after the Portuguese invasion of 1511. But such close interaction has also generated a great number of tensions between these countries, especially in Vietnam’s case.
JFK Library 
military presence in Vietnam escalated as corruption and internal divisions threatened the government of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem.. After World War II, the French tried to re-establish colonial control over a region known as French Indochina—today the countries of Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos
The United States supported a military government in the South and the decision of its leader, Ngo Dinh Diem, to prevent free elections, which might result in the unification of the country under the control of the Communists. Guerilla forces supported by the Communist government of the North initiated a series of attacks in South Vietnam, and the Geneva Accord began to crumble.
In response to that threat, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was formed in 1955 to prevent Communist expansion, and President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent some 700 military personnel as well as military and economic aid to the government of South Vietnam
Lyndon B. Johnson: Foreign Affairs 
The major initiative in the Lyndon Johnson presidency was the Vietnam War. By 1968, the United States had 548,000 troops in Vietnam and had already lost 30,000 Americans there
“I can’t get out, I can’t finish it with what I have got. So what the hell do I do?” he lamented to Lady Bird
The Vietnam War was a conflict between North and South Vietnam, but it had global ramifications. The North was led by a Communist and nationalist regime that had fought against the Japanese in World War II and against French colonial rule in the late 1940s