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Easter Island [1]

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Easter Island (Rapa Nui; Isla de Pascua) is an island and special territory of Chile in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle in Oceania. The island is most famous for its nearly 1,000 extant monumental statues, called moai, which were created by the early Rapa Nui people
Experts disagree on when the island’s Polynesian inhabitants first reached the island. While many in the research community cited evidence that they arrived around the year 800, a 2007 study found compelling evidence that they arrived closer to 1200.[3][4] The inhabitants created a thriving and industrious culture, as evidenced by the island’s numerous enormous stone moai and other artifacts

Rapa Nui people [2]

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The Rapa Nui (Rapa Nui: [ˈɾapa ˈnu.i], Spanish: [ˈrapa ˈnu.i]) are the Polynesian peoples indigenous to Easter Island. The easternmost Polynesian culture, the descendants of the original people of Easter Island make up about 60% of the current Easter Island population and have a significant portion of their population residing in mainland Chile
As of 2011, Rapa Nui’s main source of income derived from tourism, which focuses on the giant sculptures called moai.. Over the past decade, Rapa Nui activists have been fighting for self-determination and sovereignty over their lands.[3][clarification needed] Protests in 2010 and 2011 by the indigenous Rapa Nui on Easter Island, objecting to the creation of a marine park and reserve,[4] have led to clashes with Chilean police.[5][6]
Previously, the date of arrival was estimated to be around 700–800 CE, but more-recent evidence from radiocarbon dating supports an arrival date as late as 1200 CE. The Rapa Nui People have been found to be of Polynesian origin through genetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA of pre-historic skeletons

The Famous Easter Island Heads Have Hidden Bodies [3]

Practically everyone has seen the iconic images of the Easter Island heads. What you may not have known is that those Easter Island heads actually have hidden buried bodies
The Easter Island heads are known as Moai by the Rapa Nui people who carved the figures in the tropical South Pacific directly west of Chile. The Moai monoliths, carved from stone found on the island, are between 1,100 and 1,500 CE
As with many things on Earth, time took its toll on the statues and buried them in sediment and rocks, hiding and preserving the torsos of the Easter Island heads. However, a team of archaeologists at UCLA developed the Easter Island Statue Project to better study and preserve the artifacts

How Easter Island’s Mysterious Statues Got Their 12-Ton Hats [4]

Experts think they have figured out how the ancient Polynesian inhabitants of Easter Island, or Rapa Nui, put those enormous red stone hats on top of the island’s famous giant statues.. Anthropologists photographed the cylindrical hats, known as pukao, and used the photos to make 3-D models they could analyze in depth
Located nearly 2,000 miles off the coast of Chile in the Pacific Ocean, Easter Island is famous for the nearly 1,000 enormous stone statues, known as moai. The massive works were erected there starting around the 13th century A.D
Scientists have long puzzled over how, with limited people and resources, the island’s inhabitants somehow transported the huge, heavy statues from rock quarries across the entire island.. Not only that, but many of the statues wear enormous cylindrical hats known as pukao, measuring up to 2 meters (6.5 feet) in diameter and weighing some 12 metric tons each

Everything to know about Easter Island’s iconic statues [5]

Easter Island’s iconic statues remain at risk after devastating fire. Recent blazes chewed through the heritage site, causing “irreparable” damage to hundreds of Rapa Nui’s sacred moai
Earlier this month, a fire caused “irreparable damage” to hundreds of moai, according to the local government of the island, known as Rapa Nui to locals.. Although the true toll is still being assessed, the disaster is just one of the many threats to these sacred statues—along with climate change and human activities
“They cherish the memory of the people that have gone before,” she says. “They’re angry that so much was lost through no fault of their own.”

Wikipedia [6]

Moai or moʻai (/ˈmoʊ.aɪ/ (listen) MOH-eye; Spanish: moái; Rapa Nui: moʻai, lit. ‘statue’) are monolithic human figures carved by the Rapa Nui people on Rapa Nui (Easter Island) in eastern Polynesia between the years 1250 and 1500.[1][2] Nearly half are still at Rano Raraku, the main moai quarry, but hundreds were transported from there and set on stone platforms called ahu around the island’s perimeter
The moai are chiefly the living faces (aringa ora) of deified ancestors (aringa ora ata tepuna).[3] The statues still gazed inland across their clan lands when Europeans first visited the island in 1722, but all of them had fallen by the latter part of the 19th century.[4] The moai were toppled in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, possibly as a result of European contact or internecine tribal wars.[5]. The production and transportation of the more than 900 statues[6][7] is considered a remarkable creative and physical feat.[8] The tallest moai erected, called Paro, was almost 10 metres (33 ft) high and weighed 82 tonnes (81 long tons; 90 short tons).[9][10] The heaviest moai erected was a shorter but squatter moai at Ahu Tongariki, weighing 86 tonnes (85 long tons; 95 short tons)
The moai are monolithic statues, and their minimalist style reflects forms found throughout Polynesia. Moai are carved from volcanic tuff (solidified ash)

Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History [7]

Easter Island, situated in the southeast Pacific over 1,000 miles from the other islands of Eastern Polynesia and some 1,400 miles west of South America, is one of the most remote inhabited places in the world. Between 600 and 800 A.D., a group of colonists from an unidentified location in Eastern Polynesia settled on Easter Island after sailing in a southeasterly direction for many weeks
Today, the Easter Islanders call themselves and their homeland Rapa Nui. Rapa Nui society was organized following the classic Polynesian pattern: an aristocracy composed of ranked hereditary chiefs (ariki) with political authority over the commoners, who constituted the majority of the population.
The most recognizable art forms from Easter Island are its colossal stone figures, or moai, images of ancestral chiefs whose supernatural power protected the community. Between roughly 1100 and 1650, Rapa Nui carvers created some 900 of these sculptures, nearly all of which are still in situ.

Easter Island [8]

Easter Island covers roughly 64 square miles in the South Pacific Ocean, and is located some 2,300 miles from Chile’s west coast and 2,500 miles east of Tahiti. Known as Rapa Nui to its earliest inhabitants, the island was christened Paaseiland, or Easter Island, by Dutch explorers in honor of the day of their arrival in 1722
Easter Island’s most dramatic claim to fame is an array of almost 900 giant stone figures that date back many centuries. The statues reveal their creators to be master craftsmen and engineers, and are distinctive among other stone sculptures found in Polynesian cultures
The first human inhabitants of Rapa Nui (the Polynesian name for Easter Island; its Spanish name is Isla de Pascua) are believed to have arrived in an organized party of emigrants. Archaeology dates their arrival at between 700-800 A.D., while linguists estimate it was around the year 400

Easter Island | Map, Statues, Heads, History, Moai, & Facts [9]

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.. Easter Island, Spanish Isla de Pascua, also called Rapa Nui, Chilean dependency in the eastern Pacific Ocean
The island stands in isolation 1,200 miles (1,900 km) east of Pitcairn Island and 2,200 miles (3,540 km) west of Chile. Forming a triangle 14 miles (23 km) long by 7 miles (11 km) wide, it has an area of 63 square miles (163 square km); its highest point, Mount Terevaka, is 1,969 feet (600 metres) above sea level.
The first European visitors, the Dutch, named it Paaseiland (“Easter Island”) in memory of their own day of arrival. Its mixed population is predominantly of Polynesian descent; almost all live in the village of Hanga Roa on the sheltered west coast

Everything to know about Easter Island’s iconic statues [10]

Easter Island’s iconic statues remain at risk after devastating fire. Recent blazes chewed through the heritage site, causing “irreparable” damage to hundreds of Rapa Nui’s sacred moai
Earlier this month, a fire caused “irreparable damage” to hundreds of moai, according to the local government of the island, known as Rapa Nui to locals.. Although the true toll is still being assessed, the disaster is just one of the many threats to these sacred statues—along with climate change and human activities
“They cherish the memory of the people that have gone before,” she says. “They’re angry that so much was lost through no fault of their own.”

Moai statues [11]

Moai statues are massive megaliths at Easter Island, and these are what this island is famous for. The moais were built in approximately 1400 – 1650 A.D
This is a misconception from having seen photos of statues in the volcano Rano Raraku partitially covered up with soil. Truth is that all of these “heads” have full bodies.
95% of the moais were carved from the volcano Rano Raraku. This location was chosen since it consists to a great extent of tuff, which is what the moais from this volcano consist of

Easter Island Statues – The Purpose Behind the Moai Statues [12]

What are the Easter Island statues called and how old are the Easter Island statues? The Easter Island head statues of Rapa Nui are known as the Moai statues and they were sculpted sometime between the years 1250 and 1500. While half of them were carried and positioned along the perimeter of the island, the other half is still located in the quarry in which they were made, known as Rano Raraku
|Height (meters)||Various sizes, tallest 10 meters|. Nearly all moai have disproportionately enormous heads that are three-eighths the size of the entire statue
When Europeans arrived on the island for the first time in 1722, the Easter Island heads were still guarding their clan territories located inland, but by the late 19th century, all of them had toppled. From the late 18th to the early 19th centuries, the statues of Rapa Nui were destroyed, probably as a result of interaction with Europeans or internal tribal conflicts.

What do the Moai Statues Represent? — Google Arts & Culture [13]

The Beach of Anakena in Rapa Nui Behind a Moai (2019-01) by CyArkCyArk. The ahu (platforms), with their moai (statues) are the iconic monuments of Rapa Nui.
Over a period of four to five hundred years, the Polynesian settlers created open air temple complexes – the ahu platforms and their associated plazas – similar to the marae and courtyards found throughout eastern Polynesia, but distinctive in their form and scale.. Human figures carved from stone and wood were a feature of the sacred platforms and courtyards found in many Pacific islands including the Marquesas, Hawaii, the Cooks, and Pitcairn.
Only in Rapa Nui did the creation of statues – the moai – reach such a scale and magnificence. The ahu and moai are sacred to the people of Rapa Nui today, a source of mana – power and spiritual energy, and also tapu – sacred with implied prohibition.

Rapa Nui National Park [14]

Rapa Nui, the indigenous name of Easter Island, bears witness to a unique cultural phenomenon. A society of Polynesian origin that settled there c
From the 10th to the 16th century this society built shrines and erected enormous stone figures known as moai , which created an unrivalled cultural landscape that continues to fascinate people throughout the world.. Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0
Installée aux environs de l’an 300, une société d’origine polynésienne a développé ici, en dehors de toute influence, une tradition de sculpture et d’architecture monumentales puissante, imaginative et originale. Du Xe au XVIe siècle, elle bâtit des sanctuaires et dressa des personnages gigantesques en pierre, les moai , qui, créant un paysage culturel sans égal, fascinent aujourd’hui le monde entier.

What Museum Has An Easter Island Statue – Museum Of African American History And Culture [15]

The Easter Island Statue in the Museum is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the world. The Museum is located on the Easter Island, which is a small island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean
The Easter Island Statue is a large stone statue that was carved by the native Easter Islanders. The statue is believed to represent the Polynesian god of fertility and is one of the most famous examples of Easter Island art
The Rapa Nui people of Easter Island have petitioned the government of Chile to return a Moai statue they say was stolen from them. A seven-foot-high statue, known as Hoananai’a, translates as “the stolen or hidden friend.” The British Museum will display it after it was removed from the island by a Royal Navy captain in 1868

Moai [16]

The Museum cares for two large stone moai from Rapa Nui (Easter Island): Hoa Hakananai’a and Moai Hava. Moai are megalithic statues often placed upon ahu (ceremonial platforms)
Hoa Hakananai’a (meaning ‘lost, hidden, or stolen friend’) is one of about ten moai known to have been carved from basalt, and dates from about 1000–1200. The back of the statue features intricate petroglyphs associated with the tangata manu, or birdman religion
Moai Hava (translated as ‘dirty, repudiated, rejected or lost’) dates to between 1100–1600 and is made of volcanic tuff, a type of stone widely used in the making of moai and mainly sourced from the quarry of Rano Raraku. Moai Hava has been carved to show arms, torso and head

The Art of Easter Island [17]

NO SINGLE ISLAND in the vast Pacific has held such a fascination in the popular imagination as Easter Island. How its people were able to develop such a complex material culture on such a relatively small and isolated piece of land, which is the most remotely situated of the islands of the Pacific, has always appeared a tantalizing mystery
The island itself, when it was first known to Europeans in the early 18th century, presented an inhospitable topography. Its coastline, 14 miles in length and 7 miles in width, affords only the poorest of sheltered anchorages.
The first serious study, though, did not occur until W. In the remarkably brief period of time available to him, he made a rather thorough recording of the major archaeological sites and also collected a representative sample of the art of the Island, including wood and stone sculpture, painted slabs, etc



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