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IQ | psychology 
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.. Is the Internet lowering IQ and “making us stupid”?
IQ was originally computed by taking the ratio of mental age to chronological (physical) age and multiplying by 100. Thus, if a 10-year-old child had a mental age of 12 (that is, performed on the test at the level of an average 12-year-old), the child was assigned an IQ of 12/10 × 100, or 120
Based on this calculation, a score of 100—where the mental age equals the chronological age—would be average. Few tests continue to involve the computation of mental ages
Compared with boys of the same age, girls are . 
Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.. The habits of those who constantly play video games are very important to people working in video- game industry
Above all, it is vital to build up detailed profiles of people who are addicted to video games. Until recently, the chief market for video games has been boys aged eight to fifteen
Video games appeal to some deep instinct in boys who find it impossible to tear themselves away from them. Schoolwork is ignored, health is damaged and even eating habits are affected
Gender differences in the classroom 
Gender roles are the patterns of behaviors, attitudes, and expectations associated with a particular sex—with being either male or female. For clarity, psychologists sometimes distinguish gender differences, which are related to social roles, from sex differences, which are related only to physiology and anatomy
Although there are many exceptions, boys and girls do differ on average in ways that parallel conventional gender stereotypes and that affect how the sexes behave at school and in class. The differences have to do with physical behaviors, styles of social interaction, academic motivations, behaviors, and choices
Teachers are certainly not the primary cause of gender role differences, but sometimes teachers influence them by their responses to and choices made on behalf of students.. Physically, boys tend to be more active than girls, and by the same token more restless if they have to sit for long periods
Are boys and girls wired differently when it comes to thinking? 
Scientists have wondered whether boys and girls think differently because their brains are different. A recent paper presents evidence that, indeed, girls do show meaningful differences in their brain circuits that could explain why their cognitive functions differ from those of boys.
In general, women have better verbal skills and perceive things faster, but men have better abilities to visualize and locate things in a spatial sense.. However, girls are also more likely to be diagnosed with various mental health disorders like depression and anxiety, while boys are more likely than girls to suffer attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Traditionally, it has been recognized that physically, intellectually, and emotionally, girls mature ahead of boys at the same age. In the developing brain, white matter builds up over time, faster in girls.
Comparing Athletic Performances: The Best Elite Women to Boys and Men 
Comparing Athletic Performances: The Best Elite Women to Boys and Men. If you know sport, you know this beyond a reasonable doubt: there is an average 10-12% performance gap between elite males and elite females
Translating these statistics into real world results, we see, for example, that:. Just in the single year 2017, Olympic, World, and U.S
Champion Allyson Felix’s 400 meters lifetime best of 49.26. Just in the single year 2017, men and boys around the world outperformed her more than 15,000 times.
Multiple Choice – Introduction to Psychology Study Guide 
– ________ believed in a general intelligence factor.. identical twins are more similar to one another than are fraternal twins
adopted children are more similar to their biological parents than their. – Fluid intelligence tends to ________ with age while crystallized intelligence tends to ________ with age.
all languages share a fundamental universal grammar. children are born with a knowledge of general rules of syntax
Basic IELTS Reading – More Girls than Boys Fail to Attend Primary School 
Basic IELTS Reading – More Girls than Boys Fail to Attend Primary School. Tiếp tục với series bài đọc cải thiện từ vựng cho các bạn, hãy cùng IZONE bổ sung thêm kiến thức với bài đọc “More Girls than Boys Fail to Attend Primary School” nhé!
Mặc dù đã có những tiến bộ trong việc nâng cao tỷ lệ nhập học cho cả nam giới và nữ giới trong ba thập kỷ qua, cơ hội đi học cho nữ giới ở tất cả các cấp vẫn thua xa nam giới. Raising là một Danh động từ , đứng sau giới từ “in” tạo thành cụm Giới từ In raising educational enrolment rates
The latest available figures show that 77 million girls of primary school age (6-11 years) are not in school, compared with 52 million boys.. Các số liệu mới nhất cho thấy 77 triệu trẻ em gái ở độ tuổi tiểu học (6-11 tuổi) không đến trường, so với 52 triệu trẻ em trai không đến trường.
Gender Ratio 
The ratio between the number of males and females in a society is referred to as the gender ratio. This ratio is not stable but instead shaped by biological, social, technological, cultural, and economic forces
In this entry we provide an overview of the variation and the changes of the gender ratio across the world. We study how it changes from birth to late life; the forces that change the ratio of men to women.
In this context here we have however decided to make an exception: we speak of the ‘gender ratio’ because it’s the established term and it will help all those who want to be informed about this topic and search this term. But we also speak of the ‘sex ratio’ because this is arguably the more accurate term and it is increasingly used within the academic literature.
Redshirt the Boys 
Why boys should start school a year later than girls. “It was a light-bulb moment for me,” Christopher Schroeder, an entrepreneur, an investor, and a father of two boys, told me
But “it was clear to the school that Jack should wait a year,” he said—not because of his academic ability, but to give him more time to become socially and emotionally prepared. “My view was that smart kids should be pushed forward as fast as possible,” Schroeder recalled
Jack started at the school a year later and ended up flourishing, largely, his father thinks, because of the decision not to rush him. When it was time for Jack’s younger brother, Ben, to attend the school, he also started a year later—at his parents’ insistence
Mental age 
It looks at how a specific individual, at a specific age, performs intellectually, compared to average intellectual performance for that individual’s actual chronological age (i.e. The intellectual performance is based on performance in tests and live assessments by a psychologist
However, mental age depends on what kind of intelligence is measured. For instance, a child’s intellectual age can be average for their actual age, but the same child’s emotional intelligence can be immature for their physical age
Also, a six-year-old child intellectually gifted can remain a three-year-old child in terms of emotional maturity. Mental age can be considered a controversial concept.. During much of the 19th century, theories of intelligence focused on measuring the size of human skulls. Anthropologists well known for their attempts to correlate cranial size and capacity with intellectual potential were Samuel Morton and Paul Broca.
Boys experience depression differently than girls. Here’s why that matters 
Surveys of teen mental health may underestimate boys’ despair. That news got hammered home earlier this year following the release of a nationally representative survey showing that over half of high school girls reported persistent feelings of “sadness or hopelessness” — common words used to screen for depression
“No one is doing well,” says psychologist Kathleen Ethier. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division of Adolescent and School Health, which has overseen this biennial Youth Risk Behavior Survey since 1991.
One chart in particular garnered considerable media attention. From 2011 to 2021, persistent sadness or hopelessness in boys went up 8 percentage points, from 21 to 29 percent
Are girls smarter than boys? Here’s what the science says 
When it comes to which gender has the academic edge in the classroom, a large body of research shows that girls outperform boys – but a new UK study says this doesn’t necessarily mean they are smarter.. A new report on the attainment gap between girls and boys in GCSE results by Professor Alan Smithers, published in the UK’s Telegraph newspaper, found that girls not only dominated GCSE and A-level exams for nearly 40 years, but the gap between boys and girls hit a new high in 2021.
Similarly, in the A-level exams, 46.4% of girls received an A or A* grade compared with 41.7% of boys.. However, British neuroscientist Gina Rippon, who is Professor Emeritus of Cognitive Neuroimaging at Aston University, Birmingham, says the science has clearly established that there are no significant differences between the male and female brain that would account for these attainment gaps.
This is compelling evidence that the idea of brains being female or male is a myth,” Rippon said, quoting from Professor Smithers’ study.. “Not only do we internalise the expectations of others, but this can actually affect our performance and achievement.”
Boys’ and Girls’ Relational and Physical Aggression in Nine Countries 
Boys’ and Girls’ Relational and Physical Aggression in Nine Countries. Distinguishing between relational and physical aggression has become a key feature of many developmental studies in North America and Western Europe, but very little information is available on relational aggression in more diverse cultural contexts
Children ages 7 to 10 years (N = 1410) reported on their relationally and physically aggressive behavior. Relational and physical aggression shared a common factor structure across countries
In all nine countries, relational and physical aggression were significantly correlated (average r = .49). The countries differed significantly in the mean levels of both relational and physical aggression that children reported using and with respect to whether children reported using more physical than relational aggression or more relational than physical aggression
Fact or Fiction? The Top 10 Assumptions about Early Speech and Language Development 
Fact or Fiction? The Top 10 Assumptions about Early Speech and Language Development. Hanen Certified Speech-Language Pathologist and Hanen Staff Member
Below you’ll find some common assumptions about young children’s speech and language development, and the research that either backs them up or debunks them.. Baby talk, also known as “motherese”, “parentese” or “infant-directed speech”, refers to the very recognizable speech patterns people use when speaking to babies
For example, “Are you looking at the light? D’you like that light? It’s a bright light!”. It has been well-established that babies prefer “baby talk” as it helps them pay closer attention to speech, especially amidst background noise