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[Solved] The main source of saltwater is 
– More than 97% of the Earth’s water is found in the oceans and is too salty for human use.. – Don Juan Pond is the saltiest among all seas and oceans.
– Swimmers can float in the dead sea because the increased salt content makes it dense.. – The seawater collected in shallow beds dug in the sand is allowed to dry in the sun and salt remains on the ground is collected for commercial purpose.
– Salinity is the amount of salt in grams present in 1000 grams of water.. – The average salinity of the oceans is 35 parts per thousand.
Why is the ocean salty? 
Oceans cover about 70 percent of the Earth’s surface and about 97 percent of all water on and in the Earth is saline—there’s a lot of salty water on our planet. By some estimates, if the salt in the ocean could be removed and spread evenly over the Earth’s land surface it would form a layer more than 500 feet (166 meters) thick, about the height of a 40-story office building
From precipitation to the land to the rivers to the sea….. The rain that falls on the land contains some dissolved carbon dioxide from the surrounding air
The rain physically erodes the rock and the acids chemically break down the rocks and carries salts and minerals along in a dissolved state as ions. The ions in the runoff are carried to the streams and rivers and then to the ocean
Comparing Bodies of Salt and Fresh Water 
bodies of water are usually salty while the smaller bodies of water are. The amount of salt is measured by its salinity which is measured by parts
bodies of water like Great Salt Lake in Utah has a salinity much higher. salinity would be less because rain water is fresh water
melt, it adds fresh water and the salinity goes down. list of the bodies of water that are fresh and salty
Environment and Local Government 
Water has always been with us! In fact, the amount of water we have doesn’t change. Most of the water on earth is salt water, stored in the oceans
When there are no more hills to flow down, the water has reached the ocean. As water evaporates from the ocean, it leaves behind its salt.
We find fresh water in the lakes and rivers on the surface of the earth (“surface water”) or drill wells to bring it up from deep underground (“groundwater”).. There isn’t a lot of fresh water on earth, so we have to protect what we have
Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean. On average, seawater in the world’s oceans has a salinity of about 3.5% (35 g/L, 35 ppt, 600 mM)
Seawater is denser than both fresh water and pure water (density 1.0 kg/L at 4 °C (39 °F)) because the dissolved salts increase the mass by a larger proportion than the volume. The freezing point of seawater decreases as salt concentration increases
Seawater pH is typically limited to a range between 7.5 and 8.4. However, there is no universally accepted reference pH-scale for seawater and the difference between measurements based on different reference scales may be up to 0.14 units.. Although the vast majority of seawater has a salinity of between 31 and 38 g/kg, that is 3.1–3.8%, seawater is not uniformly saline throughout the world
Why is the Ocean salty: all the facts you have to know 
We all know that the water of lakes and rivers is fresh, but if you go swimming in the ocean or sea, it tastes salty. Why is that? In the end, the water flowing into the ocean comes from streams and rivers.
Some have estimated that, if salt could be taken out of the ocean, and spread on land, it would form a layer more than 166 metres (500 feet) thick. Where does all this salt in the ocean and sea come from? Salt in the ocean mainly comes from two sources:
Rainwater is slightly acidic, as some carbon dioxide in the air dissolves in it. When rain falls on rocks, mineral salts are released, which separate into ions
Why Is There Fresh and Salt Water on Earth? 
Rain and other forms of precipitation fall on our planet as slightly acidic fresh water. As some of this water washes over the landscape, it physically erodes rocks and chemically breaks them down
Most inland bodies of water remain fresh because they are continually replenished by precipitation and have at least one outlet to keep things moving through them, so the minerals in them do not reach high concentrations. However, the ocean collects all the salts from all the streams that flow into it, and, when water evaporates from the ocean as part of the water cycle, those salty chemicals get left behind
Hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor and undersea volcanic activity also contribute salts to seawater.. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies
What is Freshwater and Where is it Found? 
Nearly every business sector is water-dependent in some way or another. Issues of water scarcity and poor water quality have significant and growing social, environmental and economic consequences
WWF’s work on water stewardship helps governments, companies, investors and others understand their water footprints and become better water stewards. Stewardship goes beyond being an efficient water user
Beyond awareness, understanding and internal action, WWF urges companies to look outside their own operations, supporting local watershed conservation and engaging in collective efforts to advocate, support and promote better basin governance, for the benefit of people and nature.. Partnering to promote private sector water stewardship at the global level
Study Session 4 The Water Cycle and Sources of Water: View as single page 
Water is a valuable natural resource that is found in different forms in the environment. It is important to understand how water moves through the environment so that we can understand how to manage it successfully
Water shortages are becoming a global issue, due to an increasing population, economic growth and climate change. A lack of clean, fresh water can hinder the efforts to reduce poverty and progress national development, resulting in poor health, low productivity, food insecurity and restricted economic development.
You will learn about where fresh water is found, the types of water sources that people use and how important it is to select suitable water sources. Finally, you will look at the increasing demands on supplies of fresh water.
Earth’s Water Resources 
Let’s start by thinking about where Earth’s water is located.. The majority of water on Earth is salty! Chloride and sodium are the most abundant ions found in salt water
These ions form salts, giving oceans, seas, and some lakes their salty or saline characteristic. Organisms that in these habitats have adaptations that allow them to live in the water and salt that constantly surrounds them
Before humans can use saltwater for drinking or farmland irrigation, it must be treated to remove the salts, through a process called desalinization. Desalinization is costly and requires a lot of energy, but for places that are extremely dry this process can provide people with much-needed freshwater.
Surface Water 
Surface water is any body of water found on the Earth’s surface, including both the saltwater in the ocean and the freshwater in rivers, streams, and lakes. A body of surface water can persist all year long or for only part of the year.
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Oceans and Seas and the Water Cycle 
The oceans are, by far, the largest storehouse of water on earth — over 96% of all of Earth’s water exists in the oceans. Not only do the oceans provide evaporated water to the water cycle, they also allow water to move all around the globe as ocean currents.
When we talk about the water cycle, we must consider both where water is stored in pools, and the fluctuation of water between those storehouses. Much more water is “in storage” for long periods of time than is actively moving through the cycle
It is also estimated that the oceans supply about 90 percent of the evaporated water that goes into the water cycle.. Saline water contains significant amounts (referred to as “concentrations”) of dissolved salts
What Are The Ten Sources of Water? (With Pictures!) 
We use it for food preparation, drinking, cleaning, irrigation, transport, recreation, and industrial purposes. Water is arguably the most important natural resource and it can be classified into two broad categories – fresh and salty water
Due to climate change, some water sources that have previously been readily available and accessible have become unreliable, fluctuating, diminishing, or even wiped out. In this blog post, we will have a look at the main sources of water.
Extraterrestrial sources (comets, meteors, and asteroids). According to planetary scientists, most of the water found on planet Earth today may have originated from outer space billions of years ago