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A commander-in-chief or supreme commander is the person who exercises supreme command and control over an armed force or a military branch. As a technical term, it refers to military competencies that reside in a country’s executive leadership, a head of state, head of government, or other designated government official.
In English use, the term was first used during the English Civil War. A nation’s head of state (monarchical or republican) usually holds the position of commander-in-chief, even if effective executive power is held by a separate head of government. In a parliamentary system, the executive branch is ultimately dependent upon the will of the legislature; although the legislature does not issue orders directly to the armed forces and therefore does not control the military in any operational sense
A commander-in-chief is sometimes referred to as supreme commander, which is sometimes used as a specific term. The term is also used for military officers who hold such power and authority, not always through dictatorship, and as a subordinate (usually) to a head of state (see Generalissimo)
General Mark A. Milley 
Milley is the 20th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the nation’s highest-ranking military officer, and the principal military advisor to the President, Secretary of Defense, and National Security Council.. Prior to becoming Chairman on October 1, 2019, General Milley served as the 39th Chief of Staff of the U.S
General Milley has had multiple command and staff positions in eight divisions and Special Forces throughout the last 42 years to include command of the 1st Battalion, 506th Infantry, 2nd Infantry Division; the 2nd Brigade, 10th Mountain Division; Deputy Commanding General, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault); Commanding General, 10th Mountain Division; Commanding General, III Corps; and Commanding General, U.S. While serving as the Commanding General, III Corps, General Milley deployed as the Commanding General, International Security Assistance Force Joint Command and Deputy Commanding General, U.S
General Milley’s operational deployments include the Multi-National Force and Observers, Sinai, Egypt; Operation Just Cause, Panama; Operation Uphold Democracy, Haiti; Operation Joint Endeavor, Bosnia-Herzegovina; Operation Iraqi Freedom, Iraq; and three tours during Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan. In addition to his bachelor’s degree in political science from Princeton University, General Milley has a master’s degree in international relations from Columbia University and one from the U.S
COMMANDER IN CHIEF 
“The President shall be commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states, when called into the actual service of the United States” -United States Constitution, Article II, Section 2 One of the most important roles for the President of the United States is that of Commander in Chief. Acting in this capacity, the President finds themselves ultimately responsible for the safety and security of the United States and its citizens
Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia In February 1992, the largely Muslim nation of Bosnia declared its independence from the ailing remnants of Yugoslavia. Two months later, Serbia, the most powerful of the former Yugoslav Republics, invaded Bosnia with the goal of annexing large swathes of the country for the creation of a “greater Serbia.” After making substantial gains, the Serbian Army settled into a system of ethnic cleansing, seeking to purge their occupied lands of all Bosnian Muslims
However, as the above intelligence report on Serbian War aims shows, Serbia was not likely to abide by the terms and had continued its campaign of ethnic cleansing while talks were held. For President Clinton, it was clear that the security of the Bosnian people, and perhaps the greater stability of the Balkans, hung in the balance
Commander (United States) 
In the United States, commander is a military rank that is also sometimes used as a military billet title—the designation of someone who manages living quarters or a base—depending on the branch of service. It is also used as a rank or title in non-military organizations; particularly in law enforcement.
Sub-captain, under-captain, rector and master-commanding were also used for the same position. With the Master and Commander also serving as captain of smaller ships the Royal Navy subsumed as the third and lowest of three grades of captain given the various sizes of ships
Captain 2nd Grade, or Master Commandant, became Commander in 1838.. In the Navy, the Coast Guard, the NOAA Corps, and the Public Health Service Corps, commander (abbreviated “CDR”) is a senior-grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-5
Who is commander in chief of the military? A guide to the powers of a US president. 
Who is commander in chief of the military? A guide to the powers of a US president.. government is divided into three branches by the Constitution – legislative, executive and judicial.
Some examples of checks on the power of the executive branch are Congress’s power to override a presidential veto and its ability to impeach the president and other executives, according to the National Center for Constitutional Studies.. Whether you’re studying civics in school, preparing for a citizenship test or just curious about the U.S
How old do you need to be president? Here is what you need to know.. How many justices on the Supreme Court? Who they are and how the bench is at its current size.
The President as Commander of the Armed Forces 
The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Office, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.. While the President customarily delegates supreme command of the forces in active service, there is no constitutional reason why he should do so, and he has been known to resolve personally important questions of military policy
“He may invade the hostile country, and subject it to the sovereignty and authority of the United States.”207 In the absence of attempts by Congress to limit his power, he may establish and prescribe the jurisdiction and procedure of military commissions, and of tribunals in the nature of such commissions, in territory occupied by Armed Forces of the United States, and his authority to do this sometimes survives cessation of hostilities.208 He may employ secret agents to enter the enemy’s lines and obtain information as to its strength, resources, and movements.209 He may, at least with the assent of Congress, authorize commercial intercourse with the enemy.210 He may also requisition property and compel services from American citizens and friendly aliens who are situated within the theater of military operations when necessity requires, thereby incurring for the United States the obligation to render “just compensation.”211 By the same warrant, he may bring hostilities to a conclusion by arranging an armistice, stipulating conditions that may determine to a great extent the ensuing peace.212 He may not, however, effect a permanent acquisition of territory,213 though he may govern recently acquired territory until Congress sets up a more permanent regime.214. The President is the ultimate tribunal for the enforcement of the rules and regulations that Congress adopts for the government of the forces, and that are enforced through courts-martial.215 Indeed, until 1830, courts-martial were convened solely on the President’s authority as Commander in Chief.216 Such rules and regulations are, moreover, it seems, subject in wartime to his amendment at discretion.217 Similarly, the power of Congress to “make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces” (Art
The Commander-in-Chief a Civilian Officer.—Is the Commander-in-Chiefship a military or a civilian office in the contemplation of the Constitution? Unquestionably the latter. An opinion by a New York surrogate deals adequately, though not authoritatively, with the subject: “The President receives his compensation for his services, rendered as Chief Executive of the Nation, not for the individual parts of his duties
Chain of Command & Communication — Today’s Military 
The Military is organized into a clear hierarchy consisting of officers and enlisted members. How they interact with each other is guided by rules and steeped in tradition.
Conversely, newly enlisted service members comprise the most junior ranks. Everywhere in between is a clearly defined structure of officers and enlisted members.
Enlisted members are leaders in their own right, as they are specialists with the technical talents required to accomplish what’s asked of them. Both are critical to mission success and each other’s success.
The Executive Branch 
The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President of the United States, who also acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws written by Congress and, to that end, appoints the heads of the federal agencies, including the Cabinet
The Cabinet and independent federal agencies are responsible for the day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws. These departments and agencies have missions and responsibilities as widely divergent as those of the Department of Defense and the Environmental Protection Agency, the Social Security Administration and the Securities and Exchange Commission.
The President is both the head of state and head of government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.. Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by Congress
The secretary of defense is the highest ranking leader in the department and serves as the principal advisor to the president, the commander in chief of the armed forces, on defense policy. The deputy secretary of defense is the second-highest ranking DOD leader.
The vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the next highest ranking military leader.. Top civilian defense decision-makers work with the secretary to develop policy, operational and fiscal plans, manage resources and evaluate programs.
The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) is responsible for policy development, planning, resource management and program evaluation.. The men and women serving in our armed forces have helped forge a sense of identity and unity among Americans, particularly during times of strife.
A commander-in-chief is the person or body exercising supreme operational command and control of a nation’s military forces or significant elements of those forces. In the latter case, the force element may be defined as those forces within a particular region or those forces which are associated by function
Often, a given country’s commander-in-chief need not be or have been a commissioned officer or even a veteran, and it is by this legal statute that civilian control of the military is realized in states where it is constitutionally required.. The role of commander-in-chief derives from the Latin, imperator
In its modern usage, the term was first used by King Charles I of England in 1639. A nation’s head of state (monarchical or republican) usually holds the nominal position of commander-in-chief, even if effective executive power is held by a separate head of government
The Chief of Defence 
The Chief of Defence is the administrative superior of all the soldiers in the armed forces under his command. As both the military advisor to the Federal Government and the senior military representative of the Bundeswehr, he is a member of the Ministry of Defence Executive Group.
The Directors-General for Planning, for Forces Policy and for Strategy and Operations report to him.. As the highest-ranking soldier, the Chief of Defence has full command of the armed forces
The Vice Chief of Defence, who is also the Bundeswehr Commissioner for Reserve Affairs, assists the Chief of Defence in the discharge of his functions.. Commander, Bundeswehr Homeland Defence Command, Berlin
What Are the Branches of the US Military? 
Armed Forces are made up of the six military branches: Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, Navy and, most recently, Space Force.. There are three general categories of military people: active duty (full-time soldiers and sailors), reserve & guard forces (usually work a civilian job but can be called to full-time military duty), and veterans and retirees (past members of the military)
The president of the United States is the commander in chief, who is responsible for all final decisions. The secretary of the Department of Defense (DoD) has control over the military and each branch — except the Coast Guard, which is under the Department of Homeland Security
Each branch of the military has a unique mission within the overall mission of U.S. In addition to the six branches of the military, the Army and Air National Guards also serve their own special functions
Commander in Chief 
The framers of the Constitution wanted to preserve civil authority over the military, and designated the president “Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy.” During national crises and war, the power of the presidency has increased to include approval of military tactics, control of the economy, and authority to limit the civil rights of Americans at home.. This responsibility has grown dramatically from the time George Washington took up his sword during the Whiskey Rebellion to the day Harry S
As commander in chief, presidents have been able to implement social policies not otherwise available to them. A striking example of this was in 1948 when Harry S
The order stated “It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin.”